If they are small enough, you could prepare them like we do smelt up in the Great Lakes. Most smelt are around 4″ or larger, so we like to gut them and remove the heads, dip them in batter and fry. Smaller ones can be eaten whole If you don’t eat the heads, you can make stock or fish sauce out of them.
How big do threadfin shad grow?
They occur naturally in many rivers and reservoirs throughout the southeast and are often stocked as a forage fish in sport fish ponds in the southern latitudes. A mature threadfin shad is usually 5 to 6 inches in length ; however, we have observed them up to 7 inches in highly-fertile ponds.
What is the difference between threadfin and gizzard shad?
Threadfin shad are usually easily distinguished from gizzard shad by the fact that the upper jaw does not project beyond the lower jaw The anal fin usually has 20-25 rays, as opposed to 29-35 rays found in gizzard shad. The upper surface is silver-blue and grades to nearly white on the sides and belly.
Where can I find threadfin shad?
They can be found in open brackish waters, as well as large ponds, lakes, and reservoirs They are dependent on light for foraging and will stay high in the water column. Very tolerant of salinity, threadfin shad can even live in salt water environments. They can be found in organized schools based on size.
Is shad a good fish to eat?
” Shad is a great fish to eat , it’s very healthy for you, and you’re supporting a local fishery that’s sustainable.” Shad, a large member of the herring family, are famously bony fish. Cooks get around that by baking the fish to soften the bones. But for most people, the real prize is the shad roe.
Can you put threadfin shad in a pond?
Threadfin Shad are cold intolerant and, generally, cannot handle water temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit This makes them a more appropriate fit for southern lakes and ponds.
Should I put shad in my pond?
Shad are filter feeders and feed on both phytoplankton (microscopic one-cell plants) and zooplankton (microscopic animals). They are so efficient at filtering that some catfish farmers have begun stocking shad in their production ponds to improve water quality.
How much is a load of threadfin shad?
One load of Threadfin shad (5,000 to 7,000) or about 25 pounds of fish can cost as much as $1800.00 or $2.57-$3.60 for each fish. Threadfin shad can only survive in most private lakes for only 3-8 month at best.
What do threadfin shad eat?
Feeding habits: Plankton is the main food source for threadfin shad They run in schools of similar size fish and you often see them feeding right on the surface late in the day when photosensitive plankton rises to the top as the sun sets.
How long do threadfin shad live?
The average life expectancy of a threadfin shad is around two to three years It is also believed that the fish competes with young largemouth bass fishes for the plankton.
How many times a year do threadfin shad spawn?
Threadfin Shad Spawning temperature: 67-70 degrees. Spawning time: Threadfin spawn during late April in Southern reservoirs. Reproduction Cycles: Threadfin shad can spawn several times per year It’s not uncommon for threadfin to spawn a second time in mid July, and again in September or early october.
Will shad reproduce in a pond?
Introducing gizzard shad with threadfin shad creates a more natural environment for each species by providing a healthy competition for the available food. We have found that the period gizzard shad continue reproducing is often extended in ponds that also have an established threadfin shad population.
What fish should I stock my pond with?
A typical pond stocking strategy for a warm-water pond would be 1,000-1,500 bluegills, 50-100 bass, and 50-200 catfish per acre. Many recreational pond owners, however, prefer to stock bluegills and catfish to increase the size and population of bass.
How do you cook shad?
To cook the shad, dust with the flour. Heat the oil in a large frying pan that will hold the pieces in a single. Cook for 4-5 minutes each side or until opaque all through To serve, reheat the red lentil dhall and spoon a portion onto each of 4 warmed plates.
Do threadfin shad live in saltwater?
Life History They are warm water fish that prefer summer temperatures between 22°C and 24°C and will die if the water drops below 6°C. They are very tolerant of salinity and can even live in salt water although it seems to lead to problems with reproduction.
Is shad freshwater or saltwater?
Habitat: Shad are anadromous, they hatch in freshwater, migrate to sea, then return to freshwater to spawn Shad are river-specific, each major river along the Atlantic coast appears to have a discrete spawning stock and adults return to their natal river to spawn.
How fast do shad reproduce?
Reproduction. The start of the spawning period is typically between mid-May and early June , and is triggered by rising water temperatures. The number of eggs per individual varies between populations, but typically it is 12,500 eggs for a two-year-old and peaks at 380,000 eggs for a four-year-old.
How fast do threadfin shad grow?
In Lake Havasu, California, threadfin shad grew at the rate of about one inch per month until reaching three inches. At the formation of the first annulus lengths range from 1.8 to 3.4 inches (Burns, 1966). Few attain an age of over two years or lengths over seven inches (Par- sons and Kimsey, 1954).
Why do shad come to the surface?
Although the shad continue to roam in the winter months, they generally remain in deep water because of their temperature tolerances Gradually, as the water warms in early spring, they begin to move shallow and adhere to the in-and-out daily movement cycle.
Can you eat lake shad?
“I never knew you could eat shad,” said Pearce, taking another bite at a workshop on the banks of the lake. “It’s a bony little critter. But this is edible. It’s not bad. “.
Is gizzard shad good to eat?
Like most things in life, the answer seems to be “ good in moderation” In a healthy ecosystem where gizzard shad are a native species, these chubby fish play their role as a consumer and accessible prey item without upsetting predator-prey balances.
What type of shad are in Texas lakes?
In Texas, gizzard shad are found in all major streams and reservoirs. The species is native to eastern North America. In the north the range includes the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes (except Lake Superior), and extends west into North Dakota.
How big do shad fish grow?
Size & Shape Common length for female adult shad is 24.3 in and common length for male adult shad is 19.7 inches The maximum reported length for an American shad is 29.9 inches.
Can you farm Shad?
Shad are an excellent source of forage for farm ponds and lakes Size ranges from 1-7 inches. A load of shad consist of 7-10,000 fish and a single load will treat up to a ten acre pond.
What do shad fish taste like?
American shad has a wonderful, distinctive, sardine-like flavor that is sweet, salty, and freshly fishy The texture of the fish—which you can really only savor when it is filleted—enhances its pronounced flavor with an oily, yet resilient, silky sensation as it melts like butter on the palate.
What can you do with shad?
First, you can poach the shad in broth or salted water and then flake out all the meat, using the meat to make fish cakes like my recipe for fish cakes with wild rice; I use this recipe for another bony fish, the northern pike. Or, you can chop the skinless shad roughly, bones and all, and buzz it in a food processor.
Is shad a bony fish?
American shad are notoriously bony fish , with estimates ranging from the hundreds to over a thousand bones per adult.
What kind of fish is shad?
shad, any of several saltwater food fishes of the herring family (Clupeidae) that swim up rivers to spawn. Shad of the genus Alosa are rather deep bodied and have a notch in the upper jaw into which the tip of the lower fits. Young shad have small teeth, but the adults are toothless.
How do you deal with shad bones?
The best way to deal with bony fish is to poach them gently in broth and then flake out the meat , which can then be used in fish salads, fish cakes or soups. Shad are especially bony, but northern pike, pickerel, carp, herring, squawfish, mooneye, buffalofish and many other fish are also born with extra sets of bones.
What do lake shad eat?
Gizzard shad eat microscopic phytoplankton and zooplankton Larger fish add algae and decaying organic matter to that diet. They also eat sand, which probably helps grind up food in their gizzard-like stomach.
How do I stock my pond with fish?
To properly balance your pond, you should stock your pond with three prey fish, like perch or bluegill, for every predator fish, such as bass This pond stocking strategy will ensure that predator fish will have a bountiful selection of prey, while still giving the prey fish a sporting chance to mature and reproduce.
Are Shad bottom feeders?
Many fish are categorized in fishing by where in the water column they feed. A catfish, for example, only feeds on things that exist on the lake bottom so are called “bottom-feeders”. But something like a shad feeds mostly on insects, plankton or small fish that are usually found near the surface.
Can shad live in cold water?
Threadfin shad are great bass forage but they die once the water temperatures reach the low 40’s especially if the water temperature stays too cold for too long. Ice may equal dead shad However, just because some shad die off does not mean that the entire population died off.
How do I fertilize my pond?
Dilute liquid fertilizers about 10 to 1 (water to fertilizer) and spray, splash, or mix into the pond. Apply fertilizer mixture as evenly as possible over the pond surface Fertilization should begin in late February or early March, depending on the pond’s location in Alabama.
Will shad eat minnows?
Baits and Lures Live baits including worms, small minnows and grubs can be used to catch shad , but artificial lures are usually more effective and considerably more economical. Shad are not programmed to feed while they are spawning, so many anglers use artificial lures to trigger a reaction strike.